Monday, 10 June 2019

5 Factor That Increases The Risk Of Breast Cancer



Though the exact cause of breast cancer is yet to be clear. Breast cancer is the forming of the extra cell at an abnormal rate. These cells form a tumor that can be felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant(cancer) if the cells can grow or invade surrounding tissues or spread to areas in the body. Here are the top 5 factor that increases the risk of breast cancer.



Age Advancement


Age is one of the factors that increase the risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer occurs more in women above the age of 50 than younger ones. So as a woman advances in age she becomes more likely to have breast cancer. Screening is more effective in detecting early breast cancer in women around the age of 50 to 70 years.



Hereditary


Another risk factor that may cause Breast Cancer is a woman's family history. If you have close relatives who have had breast cancer particularly at a younger age below 50years, your chances to develop Breast Cancer are high. Especially if more than one first-degree relative has been affected.



Genetic Factor


Most cases of breast cancer don't really run in families but in particular, genes are known as BRCA1 and BRCA2. The name BRCA means BReast CAncer. Everyone has these genes, but some people inherit a mutation in this gene. Women are put in the risk of breast cancer by the mutation of these genes. Researchers have identified that women who inherit faults in one or the both of these particular BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a high risk of both breast and ovarian cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes mutation are highly known for it's linked to the risk of breast cancer. And these genes mutation are hereditary.



Hormones


Oestrogen is the predominant steroidal hormone secreted or produced by the ovaries. This hormone plays a well-known role in breast cancer development. estrogen can stimulate breast cancer cells and cause them to grow. The ovaries where eggs are stored begin to produce estrogen when a young woman enters puberty to regulate your periods. The risk of developing breast cancer may rise slightly with the amount of estrogen your body is exposed to, e.g if a girl started her periods at a young age and experienced menopause at a late age, she'll have been exposed to estrogen over a longer period of time.



Radiation


Exposure to radiation treatments, especially to your chest can increase the risk of breast cancer. If you had radiotherapy to your chest area for Hodgkin lymphoma when you were a child, you have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than an average person has.



There are other factors that put one at the risk of breast cancer but these are just the top 5 factors that increase the risk of breast cancer. You can see your GP for further information.





Please Share:



No comments:

Post a Comment